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Outline of the Book of Hebrews

Outline of Hebrews

1 Introduction: God Has Spoken to Us in a SonHeb 1:1–4
2I.The Position of the Son in Relation to the AngelsHeb 1:5–2:18
3A.The Son Superior to the Angels Heb 1:5–14Heb 1:5–14
4             WARNING: Do Not Reject the Word Spoken Through God’s Son! Heb 2:1–4Heb 2:1–4
5ab.The Superior Son for a Time Became Positionally Lower Than the AngelsHeb 2:5–9
6B.The Son Lower Than the Angels Heb i.e., among humans to Suffer for the “Sons” Heb i.e., heirs Heb 2:10–18
7    Jesus, the Supreme Example of a Faithful SonHeb 3:1–6
8    The Negative Example of Those Who Fell Through Faithlessness Heb 3:7–19
9    Transition Heb 4:1–2
10    The Promise of Rest for Those Who Are Faithful Heb 4:3–11
11      WARNING: Consider the Power of God’s Word Heb 4:12–13
12II.The Position of the Son, Our High Priest, in Relation to the Earthly Sacrificial System Heb 4:14–10:25
13        Overlap: We Have a Sinless High Priest Who Has Gone Into Heaven Heb 4:14–16
A.The Appointment of the Son as a Superior High Priest 
141Introduction: The Son Taken From Among Humans and Appointed According to the Order of MelchizedekHeb 5:1–10
15       The Present Problem With the Hearers Heb 5:11–6:3
16          WARNING: The Danger of Falling Away from the Christian FaithHeb 6:4–8
17       Mitigation: The Author’s Confidence in and Desire for the HearersHeb 6:9–12
18       God’s Promise Our Basis of Hope Heb 6:13–20
192The Superiority of Melchizedek Heb 7:1–10
203The Superiority of Our Eternal, Melchizedekan High Priest Heb 7:11–28
21ab.We Have Such a High Priest Who Is a Minister in Heaven Heb 8:1–2
B.The Superior Offering of the Appointed High Priest 
221Introduction: The More Excellent Ministry of the Heavenly High Priest Heb 8:3–6
232The Superiority of the New Covenant Heb 8:7–13
243The Superior New Covenant – Offering Introduction: The Pattern of Old Covenant Worship: Place, With Blood, Effect Heb 9:1–10
25 a.Christ’s Superior BloodHeb 9:13–22
26 b.A Sacrifice in Heaven Heb 9:23–24
27 c.An Eternal Sacrifice Heb 10:1–18
28 Overlap: We Have a Great Priest Who Takes Us Into Heaven Heb 10:19–25
29 WARNING: The Danger of Rejecting God’s Truth and God’s Son Heb 10:26–31
30 The Positive Example of the Hearers’ Past and an Admonition to Endure to Receive the Promise Heb 10:32–39
31 The Positive Example of the Old Testament Faithful Heb 11:1–40
32 Reject Sin and Fix Your Eyes on Jesus, Supreme Example of Endurance Heb 12:1–2
33 Endure Discipline as Sons Heb 12:3–17
34 The Blessings of the New Covenant Heb 12:18–24
35     WARNING: Do Not Reject God’s Word! Heb 12:25–29
36 Practical Exhortations Heb 13:1–19
37 Benediction Heb 13:20–21
38 Conclusion Heb 13:22–25

[1] George Guthrie, Hebrews, The NIV Application Commentary (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1998), 39–41.


Note: Exposition is in plain text, exhortation is italicized and indented, and bold material indicates the unit constitutes an overlap between exposition and exhortation.

How to Study the Bible


  • Instructor: Mark Johnson
  • Email: marke2 at

Course Description

  • An introduction to the nature of the Bible, the definition of and need for hermeneutics, a survey of hermeneutical approaches, the principles of a healthy interpretive approach, and case studies of biblical passages which illustrate the principles

Course Prerequisites

  • No prerequisites are required for this course.

Course Objectives

  • The goal of this course is to introduce students to the basic elements of biblical interpretation and to equip them with the knowledge and tools that will aid them in their interpretation of the Bible.
  • As a result of this course, the student will:
  • Understand the nature of Scripture as historical, literary and canonical text, and how each of these aspects of its nature affects interpretation.
  • Be familiar with basic resources for biblical interpretation.
  • Understand principles and methods employed in hermeneutics, with special emphasis on those appropriate to orthodox Christianity.
  • Demonstrate the ability to apply interpretive principles and methods to biblical texts.


  • Main Text
    • Ferguson, Sinclair. From The Mouth Of God. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 2014.
    • Koukl, Gregory. Never Read A Bible Verse. Signal Hill, Calif.: Stand to Reason, n.d.
  • Other Books
    • Carson, D. A., Exegetical Fallacies. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1996.
    • Duvall, J. Scott, and J. Daniel Hays. Grasping God’s Word: A Hands-on Approach to Reading, Interpreting, and Applying the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2005. Print.
    • Fee, Gordon D., and Douglas K. Stuart. How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth. 3rd ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1993.
    • Hays, J. Daniel, and J. Scott Duvall. How The Bible Came To Be. Grand Rapids: Baker Publishing Group, 2012.
    • Kaiser, Walter C., Jr., and Moisés Silva, eds. Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics: The Search for Meaning. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2007. Print.
    • Lawrence, Michael. Biblical Theology in the Life of the Church: A Guide for Ministry. 9Marks. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2010.
    • MacArthur, John, ed. The Scripture Cannot Be Broken: Twentieth Century Writings on the Doctrine of Inerrancy. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2015.
    • Plummer, Robert L. 40 Questions about Interpreting the Bible. Edited by Benjamin L. Merkle. 40 Questions Series. Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Academic & Professional, 2010.
    • Vanhoozer, Kevin J., Charles A. Anderson, and Michael J. Sleasman, eds. Everyday Theology: How to Read Cultural Texts and Interpret Trends. Cultural Exegesis. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2007.
    • Ward, Timothy. Words of Life: Scripture as the Living and Active Word of God. Westmont, IL: IVP Academic, 2014.    
  • Sites

General Information

  • Class Website:
  • Class Format
    • Reading as a prerequisite for the class
    • Lecture on Sunday AM
    • Extra Reading
  • Course Schedule
    • Week 1 (12/15) – Foundations
    • Week 2 (12/22) – How we got the bible: Ferguson 2 & 3
    • No class 12/29
    • Week 3 (01/05) – Keys to the kingdom: Ferguson 5, Koukl: Never Read a Verse
    • Week 4 (01/12) – Genres: Ferguson 6 & 7
    • Week 5 (01/19) – Practice
    • Week 6 (01/26) – Final Practice and Meditating on the Word

39 Forty Days until the Ascension

Dr. Doug Bookman

A. Five Recorded Appearances

Scripture: Matthew 28:16-20; Mark 16:14-18; Luke 24:44-49; and John 21:1-25


  1. To the disciples again (Thomas is present and convinced)
  2. To seven disciples beside the Sea of Galilee – Jesus provides a miraculous catch of fishes and re-commissions Peter
  3. To more than 500 people at once in Galilee – Jesus gives them the “Great Commission”
  4. To James, Jesus’s half-brother (mentioned in 1 Corinthians 15:7, but nowhere narrated)
  5. To the assembled disciples on the Mount of Olives, where Jesus ascends to the Father

B. The Ascension of the Lord of Life

Scripture: Mark 16:19-20; Luke 24:50-53; and Acts 1:4-11

Notes: Under the Old Covenant, there was no provision for a chair or bench anywhere in the inner courts of the temple because, under that covenant, the final offering was never made. This was because it was impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should finally and fully take away sin. On the other hand, Jesus ascended to His Father and sat down (Hebrews 1:3), thus signifying that in His cross-work, the work of atonement for sin was finally and fully done.

Adapted from the Life of Christ study notes of Dr. Doug Bookman, professor of New Testament Exposition at Shepherds Theological Seminary (used by permission).

38 The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

Dr. Doug Bookman

A. The Tomb Is Empty (Early Sunday Morning)

Scripture: Matthew 28:1-8; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12; and John 20:1-10

Notes: The women coming to attend to the body were the first to hear the staggering angelic announcement that “He is not here, for He is risen”! They carry that message to the unbelieving apostles; Peter and John hasten to visit the empty cave. Note that there was absolutely no expectation on the part of any of Jesus’s disciples that He would rise from the dead, a reality which makes their testimony concerning His resurrection the more undeniable.

Questions/Observations: In the preaching of the gospel in the book of Acts, the resurrection is emphasized more than the death of Jesus. Clearly, the fact of the resurrection is absolutely central and essential to the gospel message (1 Corinthians 15:1–58). Why do you think this is?

B. Jesus Appears Five Times on the Day of His Resurrection

Scripture: Matthew 28:9-10; Mark 16:9-14; Luke 24:13-43; and John 20:11-25

The Appearances:

  1. To Mary Magdalene, who is given a message to carry to the disciples
  2. To the other women who had come to the tomb
  3. To two disciples traveling to Emmaus who are joined by Jesus but do not recognize Him until they break bread with Him
  4. To Simon Peter (referenced in Luke 24:34 and 1 Corinthians 15:5 but not narrated)
  5. To the astonished disciples (Thomas absent)

Questions/Observations: The Bible does not record all of the post-resurrection appearances of Jesus, but those it does record powerfully make the point that He had really and physically returned from the dead.

C. The Soldiers Report to the Jewish Authorities

Scripture: Matthew 28:11-15

Notes: The Sanhedrinists demanded that the Roman guards testify that Jesus’s body had been stolen by His disciples.

Adapted from the Life of Christ study notes of Dr. Doug Bookman, professor of New Testament Exposition at Shepherds Theological Seminary (used by permission).